KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 31 — Malaysians could shortly be in a position to use online methods to admit their guilt for visitors offences and website traffic summons in courtroom situations and to shell out the fines digitally for these types of instances beneath the Malaysian judiciary’s programs for 2021, the main justice mentioned today.
Tun Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat pointed out that additional than a person million court conditions involving targeted traffic offences were being registered in Malaysia in 2019, and that a equally higher amount of at the very least 800,000 these kinds of courtroom circumstances were being recorded this calendar year.
She mentioned a large bulk of the court scenarios in the Justice of the peace Courts are highway visitors instances, where most of them end up with the accused man or woman pleading responsible and fines currently being imposed, which suggests that such instances do not call for judicial operate as intense as other severe legal circumstances listened to in the Justice of the peace Courts.
“Regardless, given their sheer volume, visitors instances take up a considerable amount of judicial time,” she mentioned.
The amount of site visitors scenarios registered in Magistrate Courts nationwide for 2019 is 1,396,188 scenarios, when a marginally reduce quantity of 882,013 traffic instances in this sort of courts had been recorded among January to October 2020, maybe thanks to the lockdown steps amid the Covid-19 pandemic, she reported.
With such staggering numbers of website traffic circumstances, Tengku Maimun mentioned this justifies the simplifying of the system to dispose of site visitors scenarios by making use of digital solutions.
“The Judiciary’s program for 2021 is to digitalise the getting of responsible pleas in targeted visitors circumstances and to let the payment of fines electronically,” she reported in her 20-web page new 12 months message.
Tengku Maimun explained that there is at present an current mechanism less than the Felony Technique Code’s Section 137 wherever the accused person can plead guilty to a summons by way of a letter, with the justice of the peace allowed below this legislation to not need the accused particular person to individually show up at the court docket proceedings and to convict him and impose a sentence of high-quality only.
But she said this mechanism of using a letter to plead guilty has barely been made use of, with the Malaysian judiciary’s statistics not displaying any scenarios not long ago the place the accused has pleaded guilty as a result of a letter.
“To reduce unnecessary foot site visitors and to enrich accessibility to justice and the efficiency of the Magistrate Courts, we suggest, in addition to the guilty plea by letter system, to allow for the having of pleas and to impose the sentence of fines only, through a recommended electronic system,” she claimed, introducing that this on the web strategy of pleading guilty has been executed in other places such as Singapore, Australia, England and Wales.
This planned digitalisation of traffic cases is on major of ongoing and upcoming use of on the internet techniques and digital improvements to enhance the courtroom process and expertise in Malaysia.
Tengku Maimun famous that the Malaysian courts have by now executed the e-Jamin program which enables the on line payment of bail, and is now seeking into introducing a attribute to enable an accused man or woman to fork out a court-imposed fine as a result of e-Jamin.
“This will help you save time and difficulty for the accused to make payment,” she mentioned of the proposed e-Jamin aspect for electronic wonderful payments.
“We have thoroughly expanded our e-Courts Finance, which is our on-line and cashless payment system, in the course of Peninsular Malaysia. For Sabah and Sarawak, the technique will be completed in the later part of 2021,” she additional.
When the digital program to plead guilty is up and running, the Malaysian judiciary’s up coming task will be to integrate it with artificial intelligence (AI) as a guideline for the meting out of sentences in courtroom scenarios, she stated.
At the moment, the use of AI in sentencing for selected popular offences are already in use in the reduce courts in Sabah and Sarawak, with the judiciary organizing to do the very same in the courts in Peninsular Malaysia for specific cases and aiming to pair it with the on the internet plea technique, she claimed.
“This job is in the pipeline for the later portion of 2021 subject matter to the regulation regulating digital process for guilty pleas, in position,” she said.
Over and above that, Tengku Maimun said the judiciary is proposing amendments to the legislation to enable for attorneys to deliver notices of charm and information of attractiveness by on-line strategies to the courts, in line with its commitments to fully use technology, lower down on expenditure and to be “completely paperless” for the sake of the environment.
The use of technologies would indicate that lawyers no for a longer time have to have to have loads of paperwork to courtroom, and would only require to have a laptop or an i-Pad, she said.
She observed that the judiciary has also implemented the use of QR codes to authenticate court documents in order to relieve about-the-counter transactions.
“The use of QR Codes will assist the clerical team in verifying the authenticity of court orders by scanning the QR code imprinted on the get whilst frequently mitigating the danger of ripoffs and forgeries of court docket orders,” she claimed.
An additional project that the judiciary will embark on in 2021 is the ePesuruhjaya Sumpah, which is a technique to completely digitalise the course of action where just one applies to be a Commissioner for Oaths.
“Applications will be submitted and processed on line and exams as perfectly as assortment
interviews will also be performed on the internet. The results of the assessment will be announced within the exact same working day.
“The technique is predicted to be fully operational by 25 January 2021 and the general public and lawyers might also browse for the closest Commissioner for Oaths on the Judiciary’s web-site,” she said as component of the checklist of digital innovations by the judiciary.
Also in her new calendar year message now, the chief justice mentioned out the measures that will be strictly enforced from upcoming yr to preserve everyone’s time and assure a extra effective procedure in the Court of Attractiveness and the Federal Courtroom.
The comprehensive speech of the main justice these days for New Year’s Day can be study listed here on the Malaysian judiciary’s web site in each Malay and English.
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